There are nearly two million people who have fled their homes due to the conflict in Myanmar.
The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) announced on July 15 that there are nearly two million people who have fled their homes due to armed conflicts and insecurity throughout Myanmar.
Ongoing conflicts and natural disasters have exacerbated the need for humanitarian assistance, and the need for emergency aid for the livelihood of war refugees is said to be urgent.
According to UN OCHA's statement, on June 13, there were only over one million eight hundred and forty thousand war refugees, and now on July 13, there are over one million eight hundred and eighty thousand. Therefore, during the month from the second week of June to the second week of July, there was an increase of nearly 40,000 war refugees.
Among the war refugees who are fleeing, Sagaing has the largest number of refugees, with nearly 800,000 refugees.
On July 16, one day after the publication of this report, the Military Council troops entered Khin Oo Township, Sagaing, and nearly 10,000 residents from 20 villages had to flee to safety.
According to a resident of Innpat Village, Khin Oo Township, the elderly could not run because of a sudden raid by the army at five o'clock in the morning.
Elderly people who can't run, in the case of disabled people, have to hide in the small alleys of their homes, and the children, older people, older ladies, pregnant women, and the mothers of newborn children are suffering.
He said that the residents of the villages where the military and Pyu Saw Hte are stationed are unable to return to their villages and have been fleeing for a long time.
In Chin State, where the military conflict is intense like Sagaing, there are more than 50,000 war refugees.
Civilians are fleeing because of the fighting, and they are also worried about their lives every day because of the heavy weapons and airstrikes that are being fired every day, said an official of the Management Committee of War Refugee Camps in Chin State's Mindat Township.
"The number of IDPs in Mindat Township is still around ten thousand. The most worrisome situation in Mindat Township is the aircraft and weapons. The weapon was fired almost every day from the 274th Battalion in Mindat City. There are many people injured by large weapons. The plane leaves every night. Because everyone is panicking and can't sleep well. He said it was pretty bad.
On July 8th, three people, including a nine-year-old girl and a nursing mother, were killed when the army bombarded the village of Wonekhom in Mindat Township.
That is why the villagers are fleeing to safety, the residents said.
Southern Shan State, where the military council army and Karenni joint forces fought fiercely. In the city of Mongpai, a resident of Mongpai said that because the military council has banned the transportation of rice, the war refugees are having a hard time getting food.
"Currently, food, There are some difficulties in living. Rain shelters are also needed, and rice is currently not allowed to be carried at all, so food is difficult.
Aid and relief groups said that 28 civilians were killed in the forty days of fighting in Mongpai Township from May 25 to July 4.
Sagaing, Chin, and Karenni refugees said that despite the increase in the number of refugees, humanitarian assistance is being restricted and the food shortage is getting bigger.
The Karenni Human Rights Group has stated that the military council's force to force civilians to flee their homes is a crime against humanity.
"This is yet another violation of human rights because it is yet another crime against humanity." Because people can't stay in those places, the military has a purpose of attacking. Not one place, many places, and many different ways of shooting and attacking. This discourages these people from staying here. Force to move elsewhere. Because people have to move to other places, their lives, cultural life, education, and health is destroyed. It was destroyed. Their lives are in danger. This can also be defined as a crime against humanity," he said.
In the July 15th UN OCHA statement, the strictness of the military council authorities on the issue of humanitarian assistance is high throughout the country. It is reported that it is worse in the southeast of the country and Kachin state.
According to the annual report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights published on March 3, 2023, armed conflicts continue in 255 townships out of 330 townships in Myanmar.